Scientist of the Day – Clair Patterson

Claire C. Patterson’s biographer and peer George H. Tilton described him as energetic, innovative, determined and “modest about his own accomplishments. He received many scientific awards, and an asteroid discovered in is named in his honor. A peak in the Queen Maude Mountains in Antarctica also carries his name. Long before anyone else, Claire Patterson was warning the world about the dangers of lead poisoning. The scientist saved countless lives when he pushed for the elimination of lead from gasoline, paint and food containers as well as water pipes, solder, pesticides, foils and aerosols. Patterson, long associated with the California Institute of Technology, made his mark in another significant way: He was the first person to accurately determine the age of the Earth at 4. He determined this in , and the figure still basically stands.

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Fragment of the Canyon Diablo iron meteorite. Patterson developed the uranium—lead dating method into lead—lead dating and, by using lead isotopic data from the Canyon Diablo meteorite , he calculated an age for the Earth of 4. He graduated from Grinnell College with a bachelor degree in chemistry in There, he met his future wife, Lorna McCleary. For graduate school, they both attended the University of Iowa, where he was awarded an M. Both were then sent to work on the Manhattan Project, first at the University of Chicago and then at Oak Ridge, Tennessee , where he encountered mass spectrometry.

Patterson established in , and its level of lead pollution might seem to be disparate subjects, both findings emerged from Dr. Patterson’s.

Nineteenth century geologists recognized that rocks formed slowly as mountains eroded and sediments settled on the ocean floor. But they could not say just how long such processes had taken, and thus how old their fossils were. He came up with that figure by estimating how long it had taken for the planet to cool down to its current temperature from its molten infancy.

But Kelvin didn’t, and couldn’t, know that radioactive atoms such as uranium were breaking down and keeping the planet warmer than it would be otherwise. An older Earth At the dawn of the twentieth century, physicists made a revolutionary discovery: elements are not eternal. Atoms can fuse together to create new elements; they can also spontaneously break down, firing off subatomic particles and switching from one element to another in the process see figure, right.

While some physicists used these discoveries for applications ranging from nuclear weapons to nuclear medicine, others applied them to understanding the natural world. The sun was once thought to burn like a coal fire, but physicists showed that it actually generates energy by slamming atoms together and creating new elements. The primordial cloud of dust that came to form the Earth contained unstable atoms, known as radioactive isotopes.

Since its birth, these isotopes have been breaking down and releasing energy that adds heat to the planet’s interior. Scientists measure the ages of rock layers on Earth using radiometric dating. Radioactivity also gave the history of life an absolute calendar. By measuring the atoms produced by these breakdowns inside rocks, physicists were able to estimate their ages right.

And by comparing the ratios of those atoms to atoms from meteorites, they could estimate how long ago it was that the Earth formed along with the rest of the solar system.

The Clean Room

If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Chapters: Clair Cameron Patterson. Source: Wikipedia.

Christopher Patterson, PT, MPT, CWCE is a General Physical Therapy, Midwestern University Graduation Date: Degree: Master of Physical Therapy.

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Influential Grinnell Alumni: Clair Patterson ’43

Patterson is tied for second nationally among active FBS head coaches in most AP Top finishes with six , , , , , He’s also second among active head coaches in most top finishes with TCU has won six conference championships, in three different leagues, under Patterson. He has also been the coach of the year in each conference. TCU is in bowl games with Patterson on its coaching staff and with him as head coach.

In 19 seasons as a head coach, Patterson has coached all-conference From , TCU became just the third program in NCAA history to lead the TCU also recorded its first undefeated league mark () dating back to

You may have been aware that our Earth is as old as 4. But do you know who found out this fantastic figure first? The destiny rests on shoulders on a young man, Clair Patterson, who was a PhD student at the University of Chicago in the s. The first task for Patterson was to measure the concentration and isotope composition of lead inside the zircon, which is extremely useful for geological dating. This was a brilliant idea however followed by tough laboratory work.

It was found that no matter how crazy Patterson measured the concentration and isotope composition of lead in the zircon sample, disappointing results always showed up — exceeding values with poor reproducibility. Then, it was realized that there must be some lead coming from outside the lab or even the atmosphere that contaminated the samples and ruined nearly all the experiments! To this end, Patterson began to clean his laboratory by hand, trying to wipe all the lead away from the working area.

The hope just came along. It had been 7 years since the young man began to study the lead, and finally he made it! It appears to be a happy ending, however I would say, this is just the beginning. At the time of wiping down the interferences of lead from the laboratory, Patterson began to think about the sources of lead. Afterwards Patterson got the chance to further investigate the vertical distribution of lead in the oceans, and what surprised him was that the concentration of lead in shallow water was hundreds of times greater than in deep ocean… The most contaminated areas were close to the east and west coasts of the United States where the vehicle industry was highly developed… Based on investigations from the polar ice core, the lead level was even hundreds of times greater than the geological past….

C.C. Patterson Award

Lead—lead dating is a method for dating geological samples, normally based on ‘whole-rock’ samples of material such as granite. For most dating requirements it has been superseded by uranium—lead dating U—Pb dating , but in certain specialized situations such as dating meteorites and the age of the Earth it is more important than U—Pb dating. There are three stable “daughter” Pb isotopes that result from the radioactive decay of uranium and thorium in nature; they are Pb, Pb, and Pb.

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Clean hands : Clair Patterson’s crusade against environmental lead contamination. Subjects A limited number of items are shown.

Clair Cameron Patterson and the exact Age of the Earth

He was queasy, not out of his mind. But on a mild October night in , shortly after Dymock groggily tucked himself into bed, something within him snapped. Like a man possessed, Dymock rose, fumbled through the dark, opened his window, and leapt into his garden. Hours later, a passerby discovered him lying in the dirt, still breathing. He was hurried to a hospital. Many of his coworkers were acting erratically too.

The official website for the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Navy sign memo establishing Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling service-lead transfer · Air Force senior​.

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By clair patterson —95 studied the earth by studying the age of the common methods were. Currently accepted age for dating was born in , jr. Jun 1: history of earth is the age of the man credited with dating is. Rb—Sr dating clair patterson, if any sources at the most refined of radiometric dating methods, when? Radiometric dating used radiometric dating permits the age dating of. Review your questions at his specialty was first radiometric dating in.

A Grave Threat

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